Science and the Bible
The Big Bang is one of the most widely accepted and studied scientific theories regarding how the universe began. According to this theory, the universe started either as an extremely small, hot, dense bit of matter, or absolutely nothing. This something/nothing expanded, becoming everything in the universe… time, space, matter and energy… and the universe has been getting bigger ever since. I will write another post about the Big Bang and other theories, but first let’s see if the Bible says anything about the Universe expanding…
The Bible and the Expanding Universe
Isaiah 40:22 He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.
This is what God the LORD says—he who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and all that comes out of it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it:
It is I who made the earth and created mankind upon it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts.
He alone stretches out the heavens and treads on the waves of the sea.
He spreads out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth over nothing.
He wraps himself in light as with a garment; he stretches out the heavens like a tent
The Big Bang was first conceived in the early 1920’s
The Bible discussed the stretching out of the heavens over 2,000 years before this. One other thing that the Big Bang seems to say is that the Universe had a beginning, and will have an end. Many Christians (myself included) say that there must have been a Creator (God/Jesus) before the Big Bang, that caused the Big Bang. This raises another question… are there any Bible verses that say that God existed before the Universe? Let’s take a look at some verses and see…
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
For this is what the LORD says—he who created the heavens, he is God; he who fashioned and made the earth, he founded it; he did not create it to be empty, but formed it to be inhabited—he says: “I am the LORD, and there is no other.
By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.
He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.
“The LORD brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning, before the world began. When there were no oceans, I was given birth, when there were no springs abounding with water, before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth, before he made the earth or its fields or any of the dust of the world. I was there when he set the heavens in place, when he marked out the horizon on the face of the deep, when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the fountains of the deep, when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth.
Then I was the craftsman at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind. “Now then, my sons, listen to me; blessed are those who keep my ways. Listen to my instruction and be wise; do not ignore it. Blessed is the man who listens to me, watching daily at my doors, waiting at my doorway. For whoever finds me finds life and receives favor from the LORD. But whoever fails to find me harms himself; all who hate me love death.”
Who has saved us and called us to a holy life—not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time.
a faith and knowledge resting on the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie, promised before the beginning of time.
All of these verses clearly state that God (and one other being) were doing things before the Universe and time began. There is one other verse that interests me quite a bit… Job 26:7 states, “He spreads out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth over nothing.” At the time this verse was written (and in some cases even more recently), many Native Americans believed that the earth was carried on the back of a great turtle. The Greeks believed that Atlas stood at the edge of the world and held the heavens on his back.