Old Testament

1

Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

2

And the Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, O Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is not this a brand plucked from the fire?”
 

3

Now Joshua was standing before the angel, clothed with filthy garments.

4

And the angel said to those who were standing before him, “Remove the filthy garments from him.” And to him he said, “Behold, I have taken your iniquity away from you, and I will clothe you with pure vestments.”

5

And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the Lord was standing by.
 

6

And the angel of the Lord solemnly assured Joshua,

7

“Thus says the Lord of hosts: If you will walk in my ways and keep my charge, then you shall rule my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you the right of access among those who are standing here.

8

Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, you and your friends who sit before you, for they are men who are a sign: behold, I will bring my servant the Branch.
 

9

For behold, on the stone that I have set before Joshua, on a single stone with seven eyes, I will engrave its inscription, declares the Lord of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day.

10

In that day, declares the Lord of hosts, every one of you will invite his neighbor to come under his vine and under his fig tree.”

Septuagint

1

And the Lord shewed me Jesus the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and the Devil stood on his right hand to resist him.

2&3

And the Lords said to the Devil, The Lord rebuke thee, O Devil, even the Lord that has chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: behold! is not this as a brand plucked from the fire?
 

4

Now Jesus was clothed in filthy raiment, and stood before the angel.

5

And the Lord answered and spoke to those who stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy raiment from him: and he said to him, Behold, I have taken away thine iniquities: and clothe ye him with a long robe,

6

and place a pure mitre upon his head. So they placed a pure mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments: and the angel of the Lord stood by.
 
 

7

And the angel of the Lord testified to Jesus, saying,
 

8

Thus saith the Lord Almighty; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and take heed to my charges, then shalt thou judge my house: and if thou wilt diligently keep my court, then will I give thee men to walk in the midst of these that stand here.

9

Hear now, Jesus the high priest, thou, and thy neighbours that are sitting before thee: for they are diviners, for, behold, I bring forth my servant The Branch.

10

For as for the stone which I have set before the face of Jesus, on the one stone are seven eyes: behold, I am digging a trench, saith the Lord Almighty, and I will search out all the iniquity of that land in one day.

11

In that day, saith the Lord Almighty, ye shall call together every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig-tree.

Tanakh

1

He further showed me Joshua, the high priest, standing before the angel of the LORD, and the Accuser standing at his right to accuse him.

2

But [the angel of] the LORD said to the Accuser, “The LORD rebuke you, O Accuser; may the LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! For this is a brand plucked from the fire.”

3

Now Joshua was clothed in filthy garments when he stood before the angel.

4

The latter spoke up and said to his attendants, “Take the filthy garments off him!” And he said to him, “See, I have removed your guilt from you, and you shall be clothed in [priestly] robes.”
 

5

Then he gave the order, “Let a pured diadem be placed on his head.” And they placed the pure diadem on his head and clothed him in [priestly] garments, as the angel of the LORD stood by.

6

And the angel of the LORD charged Joshua as follows:

7

“Thus said the LORD of Hosts: If you walk in My paths and keep My charge, you in turn will rule My House and guard My courts, and I will permit you to move about among these attendants.
 

8

Hearken well, O High Priest Joshua, you and your fellow priests sitting before you! For those men are a sign that I am going to bring My servant the Branch.

9

For mark well this stone which I place before Joshua, a single stone with seven eyes. I will execute its engraving— declares the LORD of Hosts— and I will remove that country’s guilt in a single day.
 

10

In that day— declares the LORD of Hosts— you will be inviting each other to the shade of vines and fig trees.”

In this chapter

we have a court case, in which the defendant is the high priest Joshua. This is the guy who was Moses’ assistant. One of only two adults among the Israelites who, due to his faith, was allowed to see the promised land. This Joshua is the one who took over leadership of the Israelites when Moses died, and about whom we still have songs such as “Joshua Fought the Battle of Jericho”. How is Joshua described in this verse? “Now Joshua was standing before the angel, clothed with filthy garments.”

It appears that the Angel of the Lord

(I make a case here to show this angel could be Jesus in the Old Testament) is the judge and the lawyer for the defendant here, and Satan is the prosecutor. In verse 2 the angel rebukes Satan, and in verse 4 this angel removes the iniquity of Joshua from him, and has his clothes replaced with clean clothing. In verse 9 this angel says he will remove the iniquity of the land in a single day.

Matthew 25:31-33

states that the Son of Man (a title Jesus takes for himself on multiple occasions) will be the judge. Many verses in the book of Hebrews refer to Jesus as our high priest. The high priest performed sacrifices and interceded for the people with God. Between these sorts of verses we get Jesus as both judge and defending judge… the positions held by the angel in this verse.

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