Old Testament

1

My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?
 
 
 

2

O my God, I cry by day, but you do not answer, and by night, but I find no rest.
 
 

3

Yet you are holy, enthroned on the praises of Israel.

4

In you our fathers trusted; they trusted, and you delivered them.

5

To you they cried and were rescued; in you they trusted and were not put to shame.

6

But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by mankind and despised by the people.
 

7

All who see me mock me; they make mouths at me; they wag their heads;
 

8

“He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver him; let him rescue him, for he delights in him!”
 

9

Yet you are he who took me from the womb; you made me trust you at my mother’s breasts.

10

On you was I cast from my birth, and from my mother’s womb you have been my God.

11

Be not far from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.

12

Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me;

13

they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion.

14

I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within my breast;

15

my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.
 

16

For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet
 
 

17

I can count all my bones—they stare and gloat over me;

18

they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.

19

But you, O Lord, do not be far off! O you my help, come quickly to my aid!

20

Deliver my soul from the sword,my precious life from the power of the dog!
 

21

Save me from the mouth of the lion! You have rescued me from the horns of the wild oxen!

22

I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will praise you:

23

You who fear the Lord, praise him! All you offspring of Jacob, glorify him, and stand in awe of him, all you offspring of Israel!

24

For he has not despised or abhorred the affliction of the afflicted, and he has not hidden his face from him, but has heard, when he cried to him.

25

From you comes my praise in the great congregation; my vows I will perform before those who fear him.

26

The afflicted shall eat and be satisfied; those who seek him shall praise the Lord! May your hearts live forever!

27

All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the nations shall worship before you.

28

For kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations.

29

All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship; before him shall bow all who go down to the dust, even the one who could not keep himself alive.

30

Posterity shall serve him; it shall be told of the Lord to the coming generation;

31

they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn, that he has done it.

Septuagint

1

O God, my God, attend to me: why hast thou forsaken me? the account of my transgressions is far from my salvation.
 
 
 

2

O my God, I will cry to thee by day, but thou wilt not hear: and by night, and it shall not be accounted for folly to me.

3

But thou, the praise of Israel, dwellest in a sanctuary.

4

Our fathers hoped in thee; they hoped, and thou didst deliver them.

5

They cried to thee, and were saved: they hoped in thee, and were not ashamed.

6

But I am a worm, and not a man; a reproach of men, and scorn of the people.

7

All that saw me mocked me: they spoke with their lips, they shook the head, saying,

8

He hoped in the Lord: let him deliver him, let him save him, because he takes pleasure in him.
 

9

For thou art he that drew me out of the womb; my hope from my mother’s breasts.

10

I was cast on thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother’s belly.
 

11

Stand not aloof from me; for affliction is near; for there is no helper.

12

Many bullocks have compassed me: fat bulls have beset me round.

13

They have opened their mouth against me, as a ravening and roaring lion.

14

I am poured out like water, and all my bones are loosened: my heart in the midst of my belly is become like melting wax.

15

My strength is dried up, like a potsherd; and my tongue is glued to my throat; and thou hast brought me down to the dust of death.

16

For many dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked doers has beset me round: they pierced my hands and my feet.

17

They counted all my bones; and they observed and looked upon me.

18

They parted my garments among themselves, and cast lots upon my raiment.

19

But thou, O Lord, remove not my help afar off: be ready for mine aid.

20

Deliver my soul from the sword; my only-begotten one from the power of the dog.

21

Save me from the lion’s mouth; and regard my lowliness from the horns of the unicorns.

22

I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst of the church will I sing praise to thee.

23

Ye that fear the Lord, praise him; all ye seed of Jacob, glorify him: let all the seed of Israel fear him.
 
 

24

For he has not despised nor been angry at the supplication of the poor; nor turned away his face from me; but when I cried to him, he heard me.

25

My praise is of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
 

26

The poor shall eat and be satisfied; and they shall praise the Lord that seek him: their heart shall live for ever.

27

All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before him.

28

For the kingdom is the Lord’s; and he is the governor of the nations.

29

All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and worshipped: all that go down to the earth shall fall down before him: my soul also lives to him.

30

And my seed shall serve him: the generation that is coming shall be reported to the Lord.

31

And they shall report his righteousness to the people that shall be born, whom the Lord has made.

Tanakh

1&2

For the leader; on ayyeleth ha-shahar. A psalm of David. My God, my God, why have You abandoned me; why so far from delivering me and from my anguished roaring?

3

My God, I cry by day— You answer not; by night, and have no respite.
 
 

4

But You are the Holy One, enthroned, the Praise of Israel.

5

In You our fathers trusted; they trusted, and You rescued them.

6

To You they cried out and they escaped; in You they trusted and were not disappointed.

7

But I am a worm, less than human; scorned by men, despised by people.
 

8

All who see me mock me; they curl their lips, they shake their heads.
 

9

“Let him commit himself to the LORD; let Him rescue him, let Him save him, for He is pleased with him.”

10

You drew me from the womb, made me secure at my mother’s breast.
 

11

I became Your charge at birth; from my mother’s womb You have been my God.

12

Do not be far from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.

13

Many bulls surround me, mighty ones of Bashan encircle me.

14

They open their mouths at me like tearing, roaring lions.

15

My life ebbs away: all my bones are disjointed; my heart is like wax, melting within me;
 

16

my vigor dries up like a shard; my tongue cleaves to my palate; You commit me to the dust of death.
 
 

17

Dogs surround me; a pack of evil ones closes in on me, like lions [they maul] my hands and feet.
 
 

18

I take the count of all my bones while they look on and gloat.

19

They divide my clothes among themselves, casting lots for my garments.
 

20

But You, O LORD, be not far off; my strength, hasten to my aid.

21

Save my life from the sword, my precious lifef from the clutches of a dog.
 

22

Deliver me from a lion’s mouth; from the horns of wild oxen rescueg me.

23

Then will I proclaim Your fame to my brethren, praise You in the congregation.

24

You who fear the LORD, praise Him! All you offspring of Jacob, honor Him! Be in dread of Him, all you offspring of Israel!
 

25

For He did not scorn, He did not spurn the pleah of the lowly; He did not hide His face from him; when he cried out to Him, He listened.

26

Because of You I offer praise in the great congregation; I pay my vows in the presence of His worshipers.

27

Let the lowly eat and be satisfied; let all who seek the LORD praise Him. Always be of good cheer!
 

28

Let all the ends of the earth pay heed and turn to the LORD, and the peoples of all nations prostrate themselves before You;

29

for kingship is the LORD’s and He rules the nations.

30

All those in full vigor shall eat and prostrate themselves; all those at death’s door, whose spirits flag, shall bend the knee before Him.

31

Offspring shall serve Him; the LORD’s fame shall be proclaimed to the generation

32

to come; they shall tell of His beneficence to people yet to be born, for He has acted.

Psalms 22 has many references to Jesus’ death and to the way that he died. Below are some examples. While you read these examples, please remember that the Psalms were written hundreds of years before Jesus was born.

Psalm 22:7-8 states that, All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: “He Trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him since he delights in him.”

The New Testament says that at the Crucifixion of Jesus,

Matthew 27:39-43

Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself! Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!” In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. “He saved others,” they said, “but he can’t save himself! He’s the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ”

Mark 15:29-32

Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “So! You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, come down from the cross and save yourself!” In the same way the chief priests and the teachers of the law mocked him among themselves. “He saved others,” they said, “but he can’t save himself! Let this Christ, this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe.”

Psalm 22:16

states, “they have pierced my hands and feet.” The Tanakh interprets this slightly differently by stating that, “Like lions [they maul] my hands and feet.”, but a lion mauls by piercing and tearing, so this seems to say pretty much the same thing.

The New Testament says that at the Crucifixion of Jesus,

Mark 15:25

It was the third hour when they crucified him. (Crucifixion is done by piercing the hands and feet.)

Luke 23:33

When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him

John 19:16-18

Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). Here they crucified him…

Psalm 22:17

states, “I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me.” We saw examples of the gloating already, so lets see what the New Testament says about Jesus’ bones…

John 19:31

Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

Psalm 22:18

states, “They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.” The New Testament states that:

Mark 15:24

And they crucified him. Dividing up his clothes, they cast lots to see what each would get.

Luke 23:34

Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.

John 19:23

When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

Share This