Old Testament

1

Who has believed what he has heard from us? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?

2

For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or majesty that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him.

3

He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief;
and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
 

4

Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.
 

5

But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed.

6

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7

He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.

8

By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgression of my people?

9

And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death,
although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.

10

Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; When his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.

11

Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities.

12

Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.

Septuagint

1

O Lord, who has believed our report? and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?

2

We brought a report as of a child before him; he is as a root in a thirsty land: he has no form nor comeliness; and we saw him, but he had no form nor beauty.

3

But his form was ignoble, and inferior to that of the children of men; he was a man in suffering, and acquainted with the bearing of sickness, for his face is turned from us: he was dishonoured, and not esteemed.

4

He bears our sins, and is pained for us: yet we accounted him to be in trouble, and in suffering, and in affliction.
 

5

But he was wounded on account of our sins, and was bruised because of our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and by his bruises we were healed.

6

All we as sheep have gone astray; every one has gone astray in his way; and the Lord gave him up for our sins.
 

7

And he, because of his affliction, opens not his mouth: he was led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.
 

8

In his humiliation his judgment was taken away: who shall declare his generation? for his life is taken away from the earth: because of the iniquities of my people he was led to death.
 

9

And I will give the wicked for his burial, and the rich for his death; for he practised no iniquity, nor craft with his mouth.
 

10

The Lord also is pleased to purge him from his stroke. If ye can give an offering for sin, your soul shall see a long-lived seed:
 
 
 
 

11

the Lord also is pleased to take away from the travail of his soul, to shew him light, and to form him with understanding; to justify the just one who serves many well; and he shall bear their sins.

12

Therefore he shall inherit many, and he shall divide the spoils of the mighty; because his soul was delivered to death: and he was numbered among the transgressors; and he bore the sins of many, and was delivered because of their iniquities.

Tanakh

1

“Who can believe what we have heard? Upon whom has a-the arm of the LORD been revealed?

2

For he has grown, by His favor, like a tree crown, Like a tree trunk out of arid ground. He had no form or beauty, that we should look at him: No charm, that we should find him pleasing.

3

He was despised, shunned by men, A man of suffering, familiar with disease. As one who hid his face from us, He was despised, we held him of no account.
 
 

4

Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured. We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God;

5

But he was wounded because of our sins, Crushed because of our iniquities. He bore the chastisement that made us whole, And by his bruises we were healed.

6

We all went astray like sheep, Each going his own way; And the LORD visited upon him The guilt of all of us.”
 

7

He was maltreated, yet he was submissive, He did not open his mouth; Like a sheep being led to slaughter, Like a ewe, dumb before those who shear her, He did not open his mouth.
 

8

By oppressive judgment he was taken away, Who could describe his abode? For he was cut off from the land of the living Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment.
 
 

9

And his grave was set among the wicked, And with the rich, in his death Though he had done no injustice And had spoken no falsehood.

10

But the LORD chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the LORD’s purpose might prosper.
 

11

Out of his anguish he shall see it; f He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion. “My righteous servant makes the many righteous, It is their punishment that he bears;
 

12

Assuredly, I will give him the many as his portion, He shall receive the multitude as his spoil. For he exposed himself to death And was numbered among the sinners, Whereas he bore the guilt of the many And made intercession for sinners.”

Wow! This verse has all kinds of references to the Messiah!

Verses 4, 6, 8, 11 and 12 talk about how he was punished for our sins/iniquities. Verses 8 and 12 go one step further and say that he was cut off from the land of the living (killed)because of our sins!
I like the words that were used in verse 12. In verse 12 we are told that he poured out his life unto death. This does not mean that he was an unwilling victim, but that he willingly gave up his life. The same verse in the Tanakh states that he exposed himself to death, so the Jews seem to be in agreement with the Christians as to the meaning of this prophecy!

Verse 4 says he was pierced

which is the way that Jesus was executed (crucifiction). The King James version of the Bible and the Tanakh translate this word as wounded but Psalms 22:16 in the Old Testament also states that they pierced his hands and feet, so this interpretation seems fair (although Psalms 22:17 in the Tanakh translates this slightly differently as, “Like lions they maul my hands and feet.” This struck me as strange at first, but if you think of how a lion would maul someone’s hands and feet, it would most likely be by biting, and thereby piercing them.)

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